Adolescent Performers’ Perspectives on Mental Toughness and its Development: The Utility of the Bioecological Model

Review by: William A. Harper
By John W. Mahoney, Daniel F. Gucciardi, Clifford Mallett, and Nikos Ntoumanis

The Big Idea

It would be difficult to find an adult athlete or coach who doesn’t have a favourite quote on the need for mental toughness in competitive sports.  Who hasn’t heard the general adage that success in sports is 10% physical and 90% mental?  Or who among us hasn’t read the mighty locker room posters from the past:  from Babe Ruth, “It’s hard to beat a person who never gives up;” from Bobby Knight, “Mental toughness is to physical as four is to one;” for Bill Russell, “Concentration and mental toughness are the margins of success;” or from Yogi Berra the conundrum, “Baseball is 90% mental and the other half is physical.”